Category: Featured

Initial Steps of Amyloidogenic Peptide Assembly Revealed by Cold-Ion Spectroscopy

The early stages of fibril formation are difficult to capture in solution. We use cold‐ion spectroscopy to examine an 11‐residue peptide derived from the protein transthyretin and clusters of this fibre‐forming peptide containing up to five units in the gas phase. For each oligomer, the UV spectra exhibit distinct changes in the electronic environment of …

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Uncoupling conformational states from activity in an allosteric enzyme

ATP-phosphoribosyltransferase (ATP-PRT) is a hexameric enzyme in conformational equilibrium between an open and seemingly active state and a closed and presumably inhibited form. The structure-function relationship of allosteric regulation in this system is still not fully understood. Here, we develop a screening strategy for modulators of ATP-PRT and identify 3-(2-thienyl)-L-alanine (TIH) as an allosteric activator …

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UV Photodissociation Mass Spectrometry Accurately Localize Sites of Backbone Deuteration in Peptides

Hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) is now a routinely used technique to inform on protein structure, dynamics, and interactions. Localizing the incorporated deuterium content on a single residue basis increases the spatial resolution of this technique enabling detailed structural analysis. Here, we investigate the use of ultraviolet photodissociation (UVPD) at 213 nm to measure deuterium …

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Mobilising ion mobility mass spectrometry for metabolomics

Chromatography-based mass spectrometry approaches (xC-MS) are commonly used in untargeted metabolomics, providing retention time, m/z values and metabolite-specific fragments, all of which are used to identify and validate an unknown analyte. Ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) is emerging as an enhancement to classic xC-MS strategies, by offering additional ion separation as well as collision cross section (CCS) determination. …

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Initial Protein Unfolding Events in Ubiquitin, Cytochrome c and Myoglobin Are Revealed with the Use of 213 nm UVPD Coupled to IM-MS

The initial stages of protein unfolding may reflect the stability of the entire fold and can also reveal which parts of a protein can be perturbed, without restructuring the rest. In this work, we couple UVPD with activated ion mobility mass spectrometry to measure how three model proteins start to unfold. Ubiquitin, cytochrome c and …

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ORIGAMI: A software suite for activated ion mobility mass spectrometry (aIM-MS) applied to multimeric protein assemblies

We present here a software suite (ORIGAMI) that facilitates the rapid acquisition and analysis of ion mobility data following collisional activation. ORIGAMI was developed for use on Waters Synapt instruments where data acquisition is achieved by interfacing WREnS (Waters Research Enabled Software) and MassLynx. Two components are presented, the first is ORIGAMIMS which enables the activation of ions via a …

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